As a typical model of medium and large SUVs, Toyota Land Cruiser has always been loved by consumers, especially those with off-road feelings. From the original Jeep to the Land Cruiser that appeared on the auto market today, it has always been known for its solidity and durability. If the prototype is counted, the Land Cruiser has a history of 68 years. There are many off-road vehicles of different ages. Everyone is willing to empty their wallets for it. Some people say that looking at a thing, first understanding its history can naturally explain its present, so now let’s take a look at the past and present of this model. Today we will talk about the LC20 series of the second-generation model of Land Cruiser.
The second generation model: LC20 series
In 1955, the second-generation model 20 series appeared, and it was replaced with a more powerful Toyota F-series engine, so people are more accustomed to calling the Land Cruiser series FJ.
Compared with the BJ series models, the LC20 model has obvious improvements in terms of comfort and handling, and has also made great improvements and adjustments in terms of suspension. The transmission still uses the 3-speed gearbox on the BJ series, and there is still no low-speed gear, but a synchronizer is added.
In terms of power, the original 3.4-liter gasoline engine was improved, and the displacement was increased to 3.9 liters. At the same time, the carburetor was improved, and the diameters of the main and auxiliary meter holes and oil needles were adjusted, and the oil level can also be adjusted by itself, so that First, the atomization effect of gasoline is better, and the power response is faster and more direct.
At this time, the design of the FJ20 is more inclined to the use of the general public, rather than the previous export purpose, so the shape has become much more fashionable. The headlights are changed from independent on both sides of the engine to an integrated front grille. type headlights, and the windshield has also changed from a two-piece type to an integral type, but the most obvious change is that the research and development direction is biased towards comfort. The number of leaf springs of the suspension is reduced to 4 and lengthened, which directly improves the comfort of the ride, and the engine is moved forward by 120mm to increase the internal space. This style remained for 29 years, and nothing changed until the 40 series.
In 1958, Land Cruiser’s first wagon model came out, which had a longer 2650mm wheelbase (FJ35V, Wagon and Van). That same year, FJ25 production began in Brazil as Toyota’s first model manufactured outside Japan.