We headed to the National Museum of Anthropology of Mexico.
The National Museum of Anthropology of Mexico is a specialized museum of anthropology. Built in 1964, the predecessor was the Commission of Antiquities of the University of Mexico in 1808. The main collections and exhibits in the open museum are the remains of Indian civilization.
There is a security check at the entrance, and backpacks can only be stored. Entering the courtyard, you can see a large totem copper pillar at a glance. There is a huge mushroom top on the pillar, which stores water and sprays it around, like a “rain spring”, implying that the ancient Mexicans longed for water and water is driving Mexico. role in culture.
The desire for water, I can deeply understand. When we were in the Yucatan peninsula, the local tap water would float a layer of material after it was still. Because the Yucatan Peninsula lacks water, most places rely on groundwater, and the Yucatan Peninsula belongs to limestone rock formations, and the groundwater also contains calcium carbonate.
There are 12 exhibition halls on the first floor of the National Museum of Anthropology of Mexico. The first to fourth exhibition halls are the culture of indigenous peoples, the introduction to anthropology, the origin of the American continent, and the preclassic period.
Scenes of ancient human life in Mexico
Here is a map of human migration routes. What is reflected on the map is: the origin of human ancestors is in East Africa, close to the equator. In geological history, there was a period of large-scale glacial activity in a cold climate, which is called an ice age. The “Quaternary Ice Age” began about 2 to 3 million years ago and ended 10,000 to 20,000 years ago. The scale is very large. The global sea level has dropped by about 100 meters. The annual average temperature of the earth was once 10°C to 15°C lower than it is now. More than 1/3 of the continents in the world are covered by ice and snow. While the ancient humans near the equator survived, the ancient human lineages in other places became extinct during the ice age. Forests and grasslands are changing with changing glacial periods and corresponding global climate changes, leading to animal migrations and human migrations (gathering and hunting). The earliest one moved from East Africa along the coastline of the Arabian Peninsula to South Asia, and then eastward into China, Australia and Southeast Asia. One of them entered Europe from the Bosporus Strait of Eurasia about 40,000 to 50,000 years ago. Then move to Central Asia and Siberia.