The Tibetan-Yi corridor, the “secret” hidden in the Hengduan Mountains

About 4000 years ago

Yu , the leader of the Xia tribe, made great achievements in water control

thus obtained the throne

and passed on to his son Kai

The first hereditary dynasty in Chinese history was established

“Yu is the emperor, and the country is named “Xiahou”. At the beginning, Yu’s capital was Yangcheng, and later moved to Yangzhai. The establishment of the Xia Dynasty marked the beginning of the slave society in our country.”

in the historical books

Zhuanxu, Yu and other Chinese ancestors

both involve southwestern China

That area has six great rivers and their many tributaries

Geographical Plates

Minjiang River , Dadu River , Yalong River , Jinsha River , Lancang River , Nujiang River

side by side from north to south

Vertically cut out the north-south mountain range

Jinsha River, pictured by member IceSoul

this unique geographic unit

has a very domineering name

——Hengduan Mountains

Aerial photo of Hengduan Mountains, photo by photographer Hong Jinpeng

7 mountains and 6 rivers in the Hengduan Mountains

Picture by “Self-driving Geography”

The Hengduan Mountains are located in the southeast of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

It “crosses” east-west traffic

But opened a channel in the north and south

The location range of the Hengduan Mountains, pictured by “Self-Driving Geography”

6000 years ago

An ancient group of people from the Neolithic period

Continuously moving south through the tunnel

In the subsequent differentiation and evolution of

Formed the current Tibetan , Yi , Nu and other ethnic groups

Nu, picture by Zhao Lei from Beiping

This tunnel is

Famous Chinese sociologist, anthropologist, ethnologist

Fei Xiaotong proposed in 1980

An ethnological concept that has attracted the attention of academic circles

——Tibetan – Yi Corridor


Mr. Fei Xiaotong

From the thought of “pattern of pluralistic unity of the Chinese nation”

three ethnic corridors

Nanling Corridor , Northwest Ethnic Corridor

and he thinks

The most distinctive and representative

Tibetan-Yi Corridor

Mr. Fei Xiaotong

“We roughly draw a corridor to the north and south with Kangding as the center, and connect the difficult problems of language and history that have always existed in this corridor…”

this unique concept

It is the Hengduan Mountains collectively known in geography.

The Tibetan-Yi Corridor is roughly in such an area

Estimated against the ruler on the map

Roughly a line about 1200 kilometers long

A huge corridor about 750 kilometers wide

Why is it called this name?

Mr. Li Shaoming said:

“Most of the ethnic groups are Tibetan and Yi, so it is also called the ‘Tibetan-Yi Corridor'”

Approximate scope of the Tibetan-Yi Corridor, pictured by “Self-Driving Geography”

it is not a

Pure Geographical Region Concept

It is also a regional transportation corridor connecting the north and the south of our country.

between different national cultures

A cultural corridor for mutual exchanges and blending

It can be said that it is a broad and systematic subject

(The editor thinks that this is enough to set it up as an independent course in colleges and universities)

This concept was introduced in the 1980s

but what happened here

ethnic migration, migration

It has long attracted the attention of senior scholars such as Zhang Taiyan

Briton HR Davies has a big brain hole

Describe western Yunnan as:

“The Chain Between India and the Yangtze River”

History of the Tibetan-Yi Corridor

With its high mountains and valleys, ravines and ravines

The geographical environment is as unique and complex as

Siguniang Mountain, picture by members decadent

“Maternal Culture Belt” , “Pig Fat Culture Belt”

“Yak Culture Belt” , “Du Ben Culture Belt”

“Heavy House Culture Belt” , “Sarcophagus Burial Culture Belt”

and “Tibetan-Burman Multilingual Culture Belt”

Ethnologist Li Xingxing in his academic

“Historical and Cultural Characteristics of the Tibetan-Yi Corridor”

It can be summarized into these seven aspects

Identification of the Tibetan-Yi Corridor

There are still disagreements on the academic front

But today we don’t talk about learning

From the perspective of a self-driving traveler

Let’s talk about the Tibetan-Yi Corridor


Judging from the data of the tourism market in previous years

in all natural landscapes

It seems that everyone is too partial to Northwest Yunnan

Is it that charming?

2017 “Report on Chinese Domestic Tourists” released by Ctrip

this familiar place

Really charming!

When you step into the legendary “secret realm”

Walk into the local ethnic minorities

will know

It is not only the pleasant scenery that attracts people

its unique humanities

It is also a beautiful landscape

Mosuo bonfire, pictured by Wanying

As the saying goes

to many people

The Tibetan-Yi Corridor is a

mysterious, surreal appellation

someone here knows

Lugu Lake, Lijiang Old Town, Meili Snow Mountain

Lugu Lake, pictured by photographer Jiangnan

The ancient city of Lijiang, pictured by member Xiaohuamiao

Meili Snow Mountain, pictured by VIP member Tommy Suzhou

is also extremely rare

A zone where dozens of ethnic groups live and thrive

There are Dulong people who were forced to the mountains

Grandma with facial tattoos of the Dulong ethnic group, pictured by photographer Bade

The Lhoba ethnic group with the smallest number

Zhaxi Jiangcun, a representative of the Lhoba National People’s Congress

Some were forced to the riverside

For example, it originated from the ancient Di and Qiang tribes in my country.


Picture by Chen Haiwen

Late Yuan and early Ming Dynasty

Years of war

The Lisu people are unbearable to be enslaved and threatened by war

They packed up their packages and left


The first branch returned to Xichang, Muli and other places along the Yangtze River

The other part endured thousands of trials and tribulations

Crossing the Biluo Snow Mountain from the Lancang River

Enter the Nujiang River Basin, which is like a fairyland

become one of the major ethnic groups here

Biluo Snow Mountain, pictured by Luo Zhonghua

The Yi people are a magical race

disappeared from history

There were distinctions between some ancient peoples

There are countless connections

Yi Firepit, pictured by photographer He Yihong

Their origins vary

in different historical periods

formed, developed

Yi girls with yellow umbrellas at the Torch Festival

Picture by photographer He Yihong

According to Yi literature and folklore

In the geographical distribution of the Yi people

They are all after the middle of the Tang Dynasty

gradually migrated to

Myanmar , Laos , Vietnam and other countries

This is also in the Yi

formed in the course of historical evolution

The horse racing and cockfighting of the Yi nationality, pictured by photographer He Yihong

Regional and dialect differences

In addition, there are many branches

Yi people have

Yi “, ” Hua Yao “, ” Nuosu ” etc.

many different aliases and pronouns


With the construction of the “Belt and Road”

as a minority

The Tibetan-Yi Corridor in the Historical and Cultural Deposition Zone

Derived from the “Tibetan, Qiang and Yi Cultural Industry Corridor”

The white line of the “Tibetan-Qiang-Yi Cultural Industry Corridor” is the scope of the corridor

Picture by “Self-driving Geography”

if you have the chance

You can try to approach the Tibetan-Yi Corridor

Experience the lives of multiple ethnic minorities

Catholic Thanksgiving, gathering various nationalities

here from the name of the village

It can be easily deduced what kind of ethnic settlement this is

Generally speaking

The place called ” Luo ” is a place inhabited by Tibetans

Barrel ” is the settlement of Nu and Lisu people

Dang ” is Dulong


▼Autumn barrel, picture by Yehe Yunyan

Dulong settlement: Lawaduo Village

▼Picture by Member Walker 007

Wuli Village, which retains the architectural style of the Nu nationality

▼Picture by Beiping Zhao Lei

stroll in the village

The long-lost and pure rural atmosphere is coming

just realized that the people here

Not as isolated as I thought

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